Grammatical Spot: SENTENCE

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A sentence is a form of words in which something is said about something.

Sentences are made up of clauses: groups of words that express a single idea.

Kinds of sentence 



There are 5 (Five) kinds of sentence. They are:

  1. Assertive Sentence
  2. Interrogative Sentence

3.Imperative Sentence

4.Optative Sentence

5.Exclamatory Sentence

However, we all know that a sentence contains a predicate and a subject. The subject and predicate make up the two basic structural parts of any complete sentence. A sentence is a group of words expressing absolute sense. Anyway, to develop a sentence, we should know about sentence properly.

A sentence usually begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.), question mark (?) or exclamation mark (!). However, any sentence we write should necessarily convey a complete meaning. For example- a simple sentence which contains only one main clause may not be adequate to pack all the information necessary to convey a complete message. The shorter is the sentence, the lesser the information. Thus it is often necessary to make compound and complex sentences to add information or to make sentences elaborate in expressing various ideas. Another point, if we think about ‘Idiom’ we can see it has many meanings. 

In the context of sentence making, idiom implies regular, natural, accepted or correct form of expression through words. An idiom also means an expression composed of a group of words which gives a new meaning losing the original or literal meaning. 

Again, if we think about writing ‘Paragraph or Composition’ we can see the importance of sentence ideas. A paragraph is like a maxi –sentence and a mini –essay. Each paragraph is based on one core idea and an essay is based on a cluster of ideas. Every paragraph should contain one topic sentence and a few support sentences. In a paragraph the sentence which expresses the main idea of the paragraph is called the topic sentence; it contains the main idea and therefore the main pillar of the paragraph. The sentences which are written to support the topic sentence are called support sentences. Support sentences are other pillars used to explain, to describe, to illustrate the main idea expressed in the topic sentences. They must have logical links with the topic sentences.

Continuous attention to sentence errors leaves the student little time for the more creative aspects of composition that are likely to lead to individual growth. Here, we can recommend a positive developmental approach to sentence revision.

Students can develop a critical sense of writing, arriving at judgments about the merits of one choice over another in respect to sentence structure, word choice, transitional devices, method of development in relation to subject matter, overall effectiveness, and so on.

In spite of electronic advances in the communications field, reading is still very much a key to your success in acquiring the information and knowledge essential to formal education, and writing is still the primary tool for recording and organizing your knowledge into useful and reusable notes. Writing may also be important for you to demonstrate to your teachers that you have acquired the information and skills necessary to join the ranks of the educated.

In both secondary school and university the art of writing is one aspect of academic success over which you have a great deal of control. You should take the opportunity to master it at this time.

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