□ Grammatical Spot: TENSE

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TENSE

Tense means- any of the forms of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or state expressed by the verb: the present/past/future tense.

 Simple Present

Simple present is also called Present Simple.

The Simple Present expresses an action in the present, taking place once, never or several times.

It is also used for actions that place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule.

The Simple Present also expresses facts in the present.

The uses of Simple Present Tense:

Repeated Actions

Facts of Generalizations

Scheduled Events in the Near Future

 

  1. Repeated Actions: The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.

       Example:

      The train leaves every morning at 7:15 am.

     She does not leave at 8 am.

     When does she usually leave?

 

  1. Facts or Generalizations: In Simple Present a speaker can make statement about something that was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future.

      Example:

     Windows are made of glass.

     Windows are not made of wood

 

  1. Scheduled Events in the Near Future: Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future.

    This is most commonly done when talking about the timetable of transportation, but it can be             used with other scheduled events too.

   Example:

   When does the train leave?

   The party starts at 8 o’clock.

  The bus leaves tonight at 8 pm.

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